Distros GNU/Linux para Netbooks…
…E quem sabe também para Tablets.
Espero que este seja o ano em que vou ter o meu Netbook com CPU ARM, de preferência dual-core :) caso não seja possível sem dúvida que os novos AMD Bobcat e os Intel Atom servirão, sendo que os AMD parece que são a melhor escolha em termos de performance, mas sem dúvida que o ideal seriam Netbooks e Tablets ARM powered by GNU/Linux em virtude do seu baixo gasto energético.
Aproveitando a boleia deste artigo de Jun Auza, “10 Netbook-oriented Linux Distributions… and Counting“, cá ficam alguns exemplos excelentes para instalar nos Netbooks; começo por alguns exemplos que podem e são usados em Tablets e até SmartPhones:
Maemo – “is a software platform developed by Nokia for smartphones and Internet tablets. It is based on the Debian Linux distribution.” ; Após o acordo entre a Nokia e a Intel, ambas as empresas juntaram esforços e os seus dois sistemas operativos para este tipo de dispositivos, o Maemo e o Moblin e criaram o MeeGo.
MeeGo – “is a Linux-based open source mobile operating system project. Primarily targeted at mobile devices and information appliances in the consumer electronics market, MeeGo is designed to act as an operating system for hardware platforms such as netbooks, entry-level desktops, nettops, tablet computers, mobile computing and communications devices, in-vehicle infotainment devices, SmartTV / ConnectedTV, IPTV-boxes, smart phones, and other embedded systems. MeeGo is today hosted by the Linux Foundation.”
Android – “is a mobile operating system initially developed by Android Inc. Android was bought by Google in 2005. Android is based upon a modified version of the Linux kernel. Google and other members of the Open Handset Alliance collaborated to develop and release Android to the world.“
Não se pode considerar o Android como uma distro, mas de qualquer forma como é óbvio tem de ser mencionado.
Limpus – “Linpus Lite for MeeGo – Multi-touch edition is one of the first full Meego-based multi-touch solutions. It is not just an operating system, but also includes a comprehensive suite of key applications including: an ereader, browser, media player, photo viewer, virtual keyboard and webcam.
There are two interfaces: an icon-based launcher and also a widget desktop; these desktops can be easily swapped between with up and down swipes.”
Android MODs / ROMs
CyanogenMOD – “is an aftermarket firmware for a number of cell phones based on the open-source Android operating system.
It offers features not found in the official Android-based firmwares of vendors of these cell phones, including support for the Free Lossless Audio Codec (FLAC), multi-touch, the ability to store and run downloaded applications from the microSD card, compressed cache (compcache), a large APN list, a reboot menu, support for Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and USB tethering, as well as other enhancements. CyanogenMod was also the first mobile OS to incorporate BFS as the task scheduler, a change that has been merged into experimental branches in the official Android source tree. CyanogenMod claims to increase performance and reliability over official firmware releases.”
VillainROM – mais um firmware que usa o código livre do projecto Android.
#!CrunchBang – “is a Debian GNU/Linux based distribution offering a great blend of speed, style and substance. Using the nimble Openbox window manager, it is highly customisable and provides a modern, full-featured GNU/Linux system without sacrificing performance.”
Neste momento é a minha favorita para Laptops/Portáteis e Netbooks, especialmente devido a duas razões, é 100% Debian, neste caso a versão Squeeze/Testing que está quase a sair e usa pouquíssima memória como já por aqui escrevi.
É claro que com um pouco de trabalho consegue-se exactamente o mesmo usando uma instalação Debian baseada na sua ISO NetInstall.
Elive (usa o fabuloso E17) – “is a complete operating system for your computer.
It is the perfect choice for replacing your proprietary, high-cost system. It is built on top of Debian GNU/Linux and customized to meet your needs for a complete operating system while still offering the user eye-candy, with minimal hardware requirements.
Turn your old computer into a high-powered work-station with an Interface that
will dazzle anyone who sees it. This is Elive’s goal.“
Aptosid – “is an operating system based on the Debian GNU/Linux unstable branch, codenamed sid, and our ISOs hold fast to the core values and the Social Contract of Debian (DFSG).
Using aptosid, with Debian, will give you access to about 30,000 free and open source packages, be it for private, business or public use and will provide you with the cutting edge of the latest software currently available.“
ArchOne – “based live usb, optimized for Acer Aspire One netbooks.”
Peppermint – “While conceptualizing Peppermint, we toyed around with a lot of ideas trying to determine how best to meet our goal of providing a fast, web-centric operating system that’s easy to learn and effective when put in use. The end result was a decision to use an interface that stays out of your way and let’s you go about your business. The default desktop environment for Peppermint is LXDE (literally, “Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment”) which has shown itself time and again to be user friendly, easy on the eyes, and wicked fast.”
easypeasy – “EasyPeasy is a lightweight open source operating system (OS) for your
netbook or ultra portable laptop. The OS is optimized for web surfing and provides easy access to your favorite Internet applications like Skype, Firefox, etc. EasyPeasy is designed for low power consumption, because we know that your battery life time is important to your mobile lifestyle.”
Aurora (antiga eeebuntu) – “Aurora has been designed from the ground up to be more than just an OS or Linux distribution. We are here to build a user friendly system for user, by users. Aiming to make life simple so the OS just does what the user expects it to do!We aim to teach our users and help others using the great benefits of open-source and the community by working together to document and write tutorials to teach others, collaborate on new ideas and give the community TRUE input on the system they use.”
Jolicloud – “is an Ubuntu-based Linux operating system developed by Jolicloud”
Cloud/gOS - “is a “browser-based operating system” created by ‘Good OS LLC’, a Los Angeles-based corporation. The company initially launched a Linux distribution called gOS which is heavily based on Ubuntu, now in its third incarnation.”
WattOS – “is a lightweight Linux operating system remastered from the core Ubuntu
Linux build. It is a free operating system that focuses on a small footprint, low power, and a simple quick interface. Bring your old computer back to life again with a fresh install of wattOS!”
Lubuntu – “is a faster, more lightweight and energy saving variant of Ubuntu using LXDE, the Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment.”
Linux Mint (especialmente as versões LMDE, Xfce, LXDE e Fluxbox) – “The purpose of Linux Mint is to produce a modern, elegant and comfortable operating system which is both powerful and easy to use.”
UNE (Ubuntu Netbook Edition) – “Ubuntu Netbook Edition brings all the advantages of Ubuntu to your netbook – now with Unity, an innovative user interface super-optimised for smaller screens.”
ChromeOS / ChromiumOS – “Chromium OS is the open source development version of Google Chrome OS. Chrome OS’s source code was released on November 19, 2009 under the BSD license as Chromium OS.“
Usam como base o browser Chomium/Chrome e a distro Ubuntu que por sua vez é baseada na Debian que também é a base do Maemo e a partir deste ano é também a base da portuguesa Caixa Mágica.
Já se pode experimentar o ChromiumOS usando para tal as ISOs criadas pelo Hexxeh.
Confesso que nunca a usarei apesar de já ter testado uma das ISO do Hexxeh, nunca a usarei porque prezo a minha privacidade, o google já tem informação a mais sobre todos nós…. talvez a versão ChomiumOS tal como com o browser Chromium não faça ‘chamadas para casa’ mas tal como outros exemplos que por aqui mencionei, a Cloud também não me oferece qualquer confiança, como tal também nunca as instalarei.
Por fim três sites interessantes, dois com versões optimizadas do kernel Linux (Zen e Liquorix) bem como uma ferramenta excelente para manter updated a distro Debian sid ou suas descendentes 100% compatíveis (smxi).
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